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Cómo quitar un rasguño profundo de un automóvil en casa

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It happens to everyone: you’re at the grocery store loading the trunk when you see it, a scratch. It’s an eyesore, ruining your car’s pristine paint, and you immediately call your local repairman to see what it’ll cost to get it fixed. The cost shocks most car owners. Why would getting a scratch fixed costs well over $500? Repairing a deep scratch is no easy task, but with a little elbow grease and time, you can repair your car and save your wallet along the way.

Paso 1: actuar rápido

Cuanto más tiempo deje un rasguño solo para que se infecte en su automóvil, peor se puede poner. El rayón puede extenderse y si las capas de sellado se rayaron, se puede desarrollar óxido. Ahórrese un poco de dolor y dinero y actúe de inmediato cuando vea un rasguño en su automóvil.

Paso 2: Estime el daño

Depending on the depth of the scratch, you may need to take a few extra steps to take care of the damage. A deep scratch requires more effort than more minor ones and usually cannot be fixed with a cheap and convenient scratch repair kit. If the paint is gone and you can see the metal body of your car, you’ll need to fill the scratch before any more work can be done.

You’ve determined that yes, you have a deep scratch and can’t just use a $20 kit. What do you do now?

Paso 3: Reúna los suministros

Coche rayadoLos suministros adecuados para el trabajo se pueden encontrar en su ferretería local y en el minorista de piezas de carrocería. Es posible que deba hacer paradas en ambos para que los elementos arreglen el rasguño.

  • Masilla de acristalamiento

Despite the myths, you can’t fill a deep scratch on your car with toothpaste. It just won’t last. Pick up a good quality glazing putty from your local hardware store for a long lasting fix.

  • Retocar la pintura

While it may be time consuming, it’s smart to match the paint color to your car as closely as possible. See if you can take sample cards out to the car to match your paint for the closest fit, then purchase a small can. You shouldn’t need too much paint for a scratch.

  • Un cepillo

If your paint does not come with a fine tipped brush, be sure to purchase one. You don’t need anything too fancy for this.

  • Una escobilla de goma

You’ll need this to apply the putty.

  • Nivelador de pintura

When using a glazing putty, you’ll be tempted to sand it smooth. Don’t! You can ruin the smooth surface of the putty and leave a chipped and dipped mess behind. Instead, purchase a paint leveler for this job.

  • Toallas de microfibra

You’ll need these for the leveler and cleanup.

Paso 4: limpia el coche

By no means do you need to go through a car wash for this. But make no mistake, the most important step to getting your car’s scratch fixed is a solid cleaning. Dirt and grime will prevent any scratch from being sealed properly, and can make it worse in the long run.

Take the hose and clean off the area around the scratch. Don’t use dish soap, as it can strip the car of its protective finishes. Instead, wipe it down with a microfiber towel and then rub the area down with rubbing alcohol. Once that’s dried, you’ll be ready to start fixing the scratch.

Paso 5: coloque la masilla

The putty is the most time consuming part of the repair. You want to make sure to layer it thick enough to fill the entire scratch, otherwise you’ll have a thin groove running along your car.

Vierta una línea de masilla a lo largo del exterior del rasguño donde la pintura y la superficie aún están intactas.

Then, take the squeegee and go along the putty, pushing it into the scratch. You may need to do a couple coats of this depending on the depth of the scratch. Don’t be alarmed if putty remains on the intact portion of the car. It’ll get taken care of late.

From there, you’ll have to wait for the putty to cure before doing anything else. Read the bottle to know how long the putty takes. Some brands take a couple hours, but recommend a day to cure for best results.

Paso 6: Coloque el nivelador

Once you’re putty is cured, it’s time for the real elbow grease. Pour a quarter size amount of paint leveler into a clean microfiber towel. Working in circles, apply moderate pressure to the area coated in putty. The leveler will remove the top most layer of putty, including the excess left on the finished surface of the car, leaving a smooth line where the scratch was.

Deje secar la superficie antes de continuar.

Paso 7: pinta el rasguño

Make sure your car’s surface is clean and dry before applying paint. If there’s any chance dirt has settled on the surface, be sure and wipe it down with a clean microfiber towel and rubbing alcohol so your paint will stick.

Con su pincel, aplique la pintura en trazos uniformes, mezclando la pintura nueva con la pintura vieja intacta fuera del área reparada. Por lo general, se necesitan dos o tres capas para una buena cobertura. Algunas pinturas de retoque recomiendan curar después del secado.

Paso 8: Selle la pintura

Una vez que la pintura se haya secado y curado, cúbrala con un sellador de capa transparente para evitar que se oxide o se astille. La mayoría de los selladores tienen un tiempo de curado requerido. Asegúrese de revisar la botella antes de salir a charcos de lodo o de conducir fuera de la carretera con su automóvil recién reparado.

Conclusión

While repairing a deep scratch isn’t a five minute fix, it certainly is a manageable project for even the most novice car owner. Like with any project, be sure to take your time and put in your best effort for long lasting results. With elbow grease and patience, your car will be scratch-free in no time!

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